This is a series of posts describing the many varieties of Japanese gate, or mon (門). If you look at the preceding kanji more closely, you can think of it as a picture of a pair of swinging doors, reminiscent of saloon doors in a wild west movie. I thought that it would be a nice idea to bring more awareness to a western audience as to the tremendous diversity in forms and types of Japanese gates. This series intends to be a gateway to gates.
Previous posts in this series:
This is a type of garden gate, often associated to teahouses. The word amigasa (編笠) means ‘woven’ (編) ‘bamboo hat’ (笠). This is a gate with a roof that is in the form of a traditional bamboo hat.
Here’s a few examples of amigasa:
These hats are more commonly encountered these days at festival time:
Samurai also wore a helmet in the amigasa form – here’s an example of a folding variety:
Image from Trad Japan Nipponet.
The common morel, morchella esculenta, in Japan is termed the amigasa-take:
Now we have a good idea as to the form, we can look at a few different gate examples to see how the form is adapted to architecture.
Probably the most famous example is found at Mushakōji-senke (武者小路千家) in Kyoto:
The New Grand Prince Hotel in Tokyo has a garden with a restaurant, and an amigasa-mon:
A view from the side:
Daitokuji, a very famous Zen temple in Kyoto, has a garden called Kohō-an Tei-en (孤蓬庵庭園) which has a cross-wise example of an amigasa-mon:
An old post card I found online also shows this gate, from the other side:
In the same cross-wise style, the gate at the garden of the Kosetsu Museum of Art (香雪美術館 庭園), which seems to have a fabric roof of some sort:
Here’s a more modern example, serving as a high-class residential entrance:
One last example, this one with a copper shingled roof:
All for today – thanks for dropping by the Carpentry Way! On to post 30.
2 Replies to “Japanese Gate Typology (29)”
I have been enjoying the 'mon' series a lot but I was waiting for you to get to gates like these. Sukiya-zukuri appeals a lot to me personally and I hope we get to see more of this kind of gates in the series. The complex brackets and roof geometry of tempel gates is extremely interesting but these amigasa-mon are esthetically pleasing on a whole other level.
thanks for commenting, and glad you've been enjoying this series overall.